Cycle monitoring can be done in various ways. This article will discuss cycle monitoring in the context of working with fertility doctors where routine ultrasounds and blood work are done. You can also monitor ovulation through other means, through less invasive methods, at home. For information related to at home ovulation monitoring methods, please click here.
The objective of cycle monitoring is to determine when ovulation occurs, to therefore determine the best time for conception (through insemination or sexual intercourse).
When cycle monitoring through a fertility expert, multiple visits would be needed at various points during a cycle, all with the objective of preparing for ovulation. Since every woman's cycle is different, its hard to predict exactly how often a woman would need to go in, or when ovulation will occur.
A rough outline follows:
What are the Doctors Expecting from Your Follicles?
This whole time, the doctor is counting your ovarian reserve and looking for between 6 and 10 follicles that range between 2-10 mm in diameter.
Once your follicle grows 1-2 mm a day and when your dominant follicle reaches 20-24 mm, in combination with good hormone levels, your doctor will be assured it is a good time for ovulation.